Often asked: What Is A Stub Axle?

What does a stub axle do?

A stub axle or stud axle is either one of two front axles in a rear wheel drive vehicle, or one of the two rear axles in a front wheel drive vehicle. In a rear wheel drive vehicle this axle is capable of angular movement about the kingpin for steering the vehicle.

What are the types of stub axle?

As The Engineers Post explains, there are four types of stub axle: Elliot: This type uses a kingpin, a yoke, and a cotter to connect to the front axle. Reverse Elliot: This type has the opposite arrangement of a standard Elliot stub axle. Lamoine: This stub axle type has an L-shaped spindle instead of a yoke- type hinge.

What are stub axles made from?

For maximum strength to weight ratio, a stub axle needs to be forged from steel. Forging will allow the stretched fibres in the steel to follow the lines that will carry load when in operation. You could start with a short round bar. Upset or spread one end to make the flange, while thinning and lengthening the shaft.

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What are the types of front axle?

There is two types of front axles: (a) Dead front axle, and (b) Line front axle. Dead axles are those axles, which donet rotate. These axles have sufficient rigidity and strength to take the weight. The ends of front axle are suitably designed to accommodate stub axles.

How do stub axles work?

A stub axle is a sub-assembly of a front axle beam upon which the road wheel mount. Stub axle is connected to the front axle using kingpin. These stub axles turn about the kingpin, which is light drive fit in the axle beam eye, located and locked by the taper cotter pin.

What causes a broken axle?

A vehicle does not get far, or anywhere if it has a damaged drive axle. Axles are rods or shafts that connect to the drive wheels. Even though axles are built to be tough, an overloaded vehicle can sometimes crack or break an axle. Bad carrier bearings or bad potholes are other common causes of axle problems.

What is 3 axle vehicle?

And also, a 3 axle vehicle has 3 axles. The examples of a 3 axle vehicle would be many straight trucks with a pair of rear axles which carries the extra weight of the cargo, a Greyhound bus, and most tractor units for semitrailers.

Does a car have 2 or 4 axles?

Most cars or standard cars have four axles or two sets of axles, which helps in rotating the wheel. A simple way to see just how many axles a car has is to look at it from the side and then count the number of wheels it has. Most cars have four tires or two sets of tires, with one in the front and then in the rear.

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What is a full floating axle?

A full – floating axle carries the vehicle’s weight on the axle casing, not the halfshafts; they serve only to transmit torque from the differential to the wheels. They ” float ” inside an assembly that carries the vehicle’s weight. Thus the only stress it must endure is torque (not lateral bending force).

What is axle drop in a front axle?

A dropped axle is a straight front axle that has been altered or built to drop a vehicle’s ride height. This makes the vehicle sit lower and places the front suspension nearer to the ground.

What is the definition of an axle?

1a: a pin or shaft on or with which a wheel or pair of wheels revolves. b(1): a fixed bar or beam with bearings at its ends on which wheels (as of a cart) revolve. (2): the spindle of such a beam.

What is the type of section at the end of the front axle?

The front axle is made up of a circular or elliptical section at the ends and I- section in the middle portion. This cross- section of the axle withstands bending loads due to the weight of the vehicle and torque applied due to braking. Now let’s discuss types of front axles in detail.

What are the functions of front axle?

Front Axle and Steering System Front axle carries the weight of the front part of the automobile as well as facilitates steering and absorbs shocks due to road surface variations. The front axles are generally dead axles, but are live axles in small cars of compact designs and also in case of four-wheel drive.

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What is a live front axle?

A live axle is a type of beam axle in which the shaft (or, commonly, shafts connected to move as a single unit) also transmits power to the wheels; a beam axle that does not also transmit power is sometimes called a dead axle.

How many axles does an SUV have?

Most passenger vehicles, including SUVs, only have two axles.

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